Fortress exists here since the middle of the 4th century, on a steep hill overlooking the city.
It was occupied by Iranian, Byzantine and Arab conquerors in various periods of time. Royal palace was also resided here. The main feature of the fortress is St. Nicolas church that stands in the lower court. Newly built (1996-1997), it replaces the original 13th century church that was destroyed in a fire.
The "Assumption of the Mother of God" Cathedral is one of the most known monuments in the Old Town. The beginning of its construction is dated the 5 th – 6 th centuries and the completion - the first half of the 7 th century.
The Cathedral is named after Mount Zioni at Jerusalem. There is the greatest relic of Georgia , the cross of St. Nino who established Christianity on Georgian soil. Sioni was destroyed many times by enemies. But each time it rose from the ashes.
Tbilisi Botanical Garden
It is a beautiful few centuries old garden in the historical part of Tbilisi. Once during the times of ancient states, this territory belonged to royal gardens. Tbilisi botanical garden has more than 3500 kinds of plants.
Its territory of 129 hectares presents both, local and world flora, few waterfalls and mounting bridges scattered around the garden for comfort of visitors, collection of rare plants and the century-long tree.
Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Marya is the ancient acting church erected in the 6 th century AD. The church received its present name in the 17 th century when the big icon from Anchi cathedral ( Southern Georgia ) was moved there. The icon of the Vernicle Image of the Savior is one of the greatest relics of Georgia.
Metekhi - the district where the church stands is a very old neighborhood, where according to historical accounts, King Vakhtang I Gorgasali erected the first church here and his own residence in 5th century.
The church itself was built around the 12th Century but has since gone through a cycle of damages and restorations. Metekhi is not so big but it is very rich in history and it beautifully sits on a cliff overlooking the Mkvari River in a section called Old Tbilisi.
Mount Mtatsminda and Funicular
The Tiflis Funicular railway was constructed to develop the uninhabited Mtatsminda plateau that overlooks the city and was first opened on 27 March 1905. The popularity of the Funicular was further increased when an entertainment and leisure park was constructed on the Mtatsminda plateau in the 1930s.
In the days of the Soviet Union, Mtatsminda Park was the third most visited public park in the USSR, The Funicular Railway underwent several reconstructions until being replaced in 2012 with modern equipment and carriages. The Funicular is a great way to get to Mtatsminda Park
"Kashveti" is the newest and the most beautiful churches of Tbilisi. It was built in 1910 on the place of the crumbling church of the same name. Today it is famous for miraculous image of St. David and exquisitely painted altar with stone laces.
The first church on this place appeared in the 6th century, and the history of its appearance is partly related to David Gareja, one of the Assyrian fathers preaching Christianity in Georgia.
Today Kashveti church, the outcome of the German, Italian and a Georgian collaboration, is one of the best architectural monuments of Tbilisi created in classical Georgian style.
Holy Trinity Cathedral
Holy Trinity Cathedral is the main cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church. Constructed between 1995 and 2004, it is one of the largest and tallest religious buildings in Georgia.
Its height is more than one hundred meters, an area of over 5000 square meters and capacity 15,000 parishioners. The cathedral complex includes an underground section and integrates nine chapels, various supplementary buildings, and beautiful gardens.
Bridge of peace
The bridge was made from glass and still, was officially opened in May 2010. In the design of the bridge built in an interesting system of illumination:
in the evening and night time every hour thousand bulbs translate Morse code message, visible to both of parapets of the bridge.
Abanotubani sulfur baths
Abanotubani is the place, where according to legend, King Vakhtang Gorgasali’s falcon fell, leading to the discovery of the hot springs and, subsequently the founding of a new capital.
Even the name of the city is translated as "warm". High in sulfurs and other minerals,
with a constant temperature of 38C to 47C, the waters have long been used for relaxing, and as a therapeutic aid for a range of ailments including skin conditions and arthritis.